About the Author We may not always know it, but we think in metaphor. A large proportion of our most commonplace thoughts make use of an extensive, but unconscious, system of metaphorical concepts, that is, concepts from a typically concrete realm of thought that are used to comprehend another, completely different domain. Such concepts are often reflected in everyday language, but their most dramatic effect comes in ordinary reasoning. Because so much of our social and political reasoning makes use of this system of metaphorical concepts, any adequate appreciation of even the most mundane social and political thought requires an understanding of this system.
What kind of rage, pain or pathology could have provoked Lee Harvey Oswald to such a dark deed? Most crime does not happen in a vacuum. They do not happen by blind chance - something causes them.
Sometimes the reasons are social, sometimes psychological, most often both. The real answer as to why President Kennedy was killed centers around how Lee Harvey Oswald grew up as a misfit, having no real control or moral guidance with which to exist in, and poorly equipped to meet, the demands of society.
Answers also lie in the way Oswald embraced a radical ideology in order to compensate for his lack of education and to enhance his self-image. The article was used as a reference point by Truman Capote in his book In Cold Blood as a way of understanding the psychological make-up of the mind of a murderer.
When rational motives are conspicuous for example, when a man kills for personal gain or when the irrational motives are accompanied by delusions or hallucinations for example, a paranoid patient who kills his fantasied persecutorthe situation presents little problem to the psychiatrist.
But murderers who seem rational, coherent, and controlled and yet whose homicidal acts have a bizarre apparently senseless quality, pose a difficult problem, if courtroom disagreements and contradictory reports about the same offender are an index. It is our thesis that the psychopathology of such murderers forms at least one specific syndrome which we shall describe.
In general, these individuals are pre-disposed to severe lapses A sense of self direction essay ego-control which makes possible the open expression of primitive violence born out of previous, and now unconscious, traumatic experiences. In all these cases, there was evidence of severe emotional deprivation in early life.
This deprivation may have involved prolonged or recurrent absence of one or both parents, a chaotic family life in which the parents were unknown, or an outright rejection of the child by one or both parents with the child being raised by others.
Most typically the men displayed a tendency not to experience anger or rage in association with violent aggressive action. None reported feelings of rage in connection with the murders, nor did they experience anger in any strong or pronounced way, although each of them was capable of enormous and brutal aggression.
They chased a car. And here I am sitting here. I would not have been shocked if he had tried to kill me. I was concerned about the guy from the minute I met him.
Their relationships with others were of a shallow, cold nature, lending a quality of loneliness and isolation to these men. People were scarcely real to them, in the sense of being warmly or positively The 3 men under sentence of death had shallow emotions regarding their own fate and that of their victims The murderous potential can become activated, especially if some disequilibrium is already present, when the victim-to-be is unconsciously perceived as a key figure in some past traumatic configuration.
The behaviour, or even the mere presence of this figure adds a stress to the unstable balance of forces that results in a sudden extreme discharge of violence Psychologically, Oswald had always been a loner and an outsider.
He had always been attracted to things that would provide enhanced self-esteem, becoming a Marine, learning Russian, defecting to Russia, inventing a fictitious chapter of a radical political organization.
A fatherless upbringing and lack of a meaningful male role-model had a crucial effect on the young Oswald molding and forming a personality which hid some of his darkest impulses.
Oswald was denied a nurturing system which was male-driven, in which discipline, morality teaching and emotional sustenance were provided by males for males.
Without moral grounding and direct parental guidance the child is unable to recognise moral prerequisites for living in an adult world. They both saw themselves as victims, isolated and surrounded by people and government agencies who failed to understand their special place in the scheme of things.
In the mids Oswald had spoken about shooting an American President. Palmer McBride testified to the Warren Commission that, inhe befriended Oswald and they often discussed politics.
McBride said that the statement was not made in jest. There is also clear evidence that Oswald, like O. Simpson, had a history of wife battering. In the criminal trial and the civil trial, evidence of O. At one stage Oswald tried to strangle his wife.
There were incidents when Oswald hit Marina and she ended up with bruises on her body. I think that man over there is going to kill that girl.
A variety of seemingly unconnected events are part of that strategy to maintain that control - methods like telling her who she can be friends with, how much she can spend, what kind of clothes she can wear, belittling her, demeaning her.
All of these things accomplish the end objective — control. His mask was convincing to many people he came in contact with except those who knew him well.Apr 15, · Self-Reflection Essay; Self-Reflection Essay.
Management Self Reflection The most common test that is used to measure a person’s personality is through self-report surveys. On the other hand, based on Greg, the generation X is self-reliance who wants structure and direction on works.
They will eliminate the task and always skeptical. Civil Rights Argumentative Essay About Same Sex Marriage.
This Argumentative essay will discuss the argument of same sex marriage. The contents are: meaning, brief background and thesis statement for the Introduction; for the Body of the discussion is the counter argument; and for the conclusion part: the summary and the restatement of the thesis statement.
Aristotle: Poetics. The Poetics of Aristotle ( B.C.E.) is a much-disdained book. So unpoetic a soul as Aristotle's has no business speaking about such a topic, much less telling poets how to .
Self-Consciousness. Philosophical work on self-consciousness has mostly focused on the identification and articulation of specific epistemic and semantic peculiarities of self-consciousness, peculiarities which distinguish it from consciousness of things other than oneself.
A sense of self-direction is one of the many ways that teenagers can employ to have that bite of discipline in their systems. I am a seventeen year old and a non-religious middle class man.
February When we were in junior high school, my friend Rich and I made a map of the school lunch tables according to popularity. This was easy to do, because kids only ate lunch with others of .